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JITBM VOLUME 43

 

Title

A CONCEPTUAL OVERVIEW OF KNOWLEDGE, KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT AND KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER IN ORGANISATIONS

Author

Abobakr Aljuwaiber

Source International Journal of Information Technology and Business Management  pp 001 - 005  Vol. 043. No. 1 -- 2015
Abstract

The global shift from industrial revolution to information revolution has made sophisticated technology and knowledge economy vital for shaping personal development, corporate success and national prosperity. Motivated by knowledge economy, globalisation, and innovation, companies seek new ways to enhance knowledge creation, transferring and sharing to achieve organisational objectives. Knowledge not only necessary for manufacturing sophisticated products, but also for enhancing accumulated knowledge to be shared and transferred within and beyond the organisation. In business organisations, knowledge management plays a vital role in managing the exchange of expertise and knowledge that assist improving the business environment. This paper aims to assess existing research, tools and issues related to this increasingly popular concept of knowledge management and knowledge transfer. It hopes to help the researchers to develop a conceptual framework assisting them to build on their research.   

Keywords knowledge, knowledge management, knowledge transfer, public organisations, private
 

 

 

Title

STRENTHENING THE PRINCIPLES OF POLITICAL
NEUTRALITY AND IMPARTIALITY AS THE PRINCIPLES OF THE CORPORATE GOVERNANCE OF NATIONAL AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT ENTITIES. EXAMPLE OF POLAND

Author

Robert Lizak , Sebastian Skuza

Source International Journal of Information Technology and Business Management  pp 016 - 023  Vol. 043. No. 1 -- 2015
Abstract

After 1989, Poland started to establish a democratic system based on free market economy. This process encompassed a number of legal regulations which aimed to distance the civil service from any kinds of political influences and pressure which could raise suspicions as to partial actions, and also to limit the impact of politics on business.
Although the transformation began 25 years ago, it seems that the issue of insufficient political neutrality and impartiality is still with us. Therefore, the Authors believe that it may be worthwhile to improve the situation through changes to certain regulatory solutions. The goal of this paper is to point out certain defects or inconsistencies in the Act of 30 August 1996 on Commercialization and Privatization, as well as the Act of 21 August 1997 on Restricting Business Activity by Persons in Public Offices. Further, the Authors present their own proposals of legal solutions, which in their opinion would foster neutrality and impartiality on the national and local level.
In order to improve the distances between civil service and politics, the Authors believe that legal changes are necessary. The above proposals should not raise any doubts as they only lead to the increase of social trust.

Keywords

political neutrality and influences, business, person in public offices, state and local government

 

 

 

Title

THE RELATIONSHIP AMONG R&D EXPENDITURES, INNOVATION CAPABILITY, CORPORATE GOVERNANCE, OWNERSHIP STRUCTURE AND OPERATING PERFORMANCES: A CASE STUDY OF SEMICONDUCTOR COMPANIES LISTED IN TAIWAN

Author

CHING-YAW CHEN, FENG-CHU HUNG, AND YU-JE LEE

Source International Journal of Information Technology and Business Management  pp 001 - 005  Vol. 043. No. 1 -- 2015
Abstract

The main purpose of this paper is to gain an understanding of the relationship among R&D expenditures, innovation capability, corporate governance, ownership structure and operating performances. The managerial personnel of a semiconductor company listed in Taiwan are studied via convenience sampling. This paper employs the partial least squares path modeling (PLS-SEM) to assess the goodness of fit of the inner and outer models. This is followed by the analysis of the path effects on the basis of Bayesian estimations of the implicit variables of the inner model. The Sobel test is also conducted to assess the significance of the direct effects, mediating effects and total effects of the model. The study indicates correlations between R&D expenditures, innovation capability, corporate governance, ownership structure and operating performances. Meanwhile, there are effects in relation to mediating variables between innovation capability and ownership structure. It is hoped that the research findings serve as a template for companies to effectively utilize their innovation capability, corporate governance, ownership structure and well-planned R&D expenditures to boost operating performances.

Keywords

R&D expenditures, innovation capability, corporate governance, ownership structure, operating performances

 

 

Title

THE INFLUENCE OF PERCEIVED VALUE ON REPURCHASE INTENTION: A LEADING 3C RETAILER IN TAIWAN AS AN EXAMPLE

Author

Ching-Lin Huang, Kao Yuan University, Taiwan

Source International Journal of Information Technology and Business Management  pp 001 - 005  Vol. 043. No. 1 -- 2015
Abstract

The main research purpose of this study is to validate the influence of perceived value on repurchase intention with customer satisfaction as the mediating variable. A survey is conducted on the front-desk employees of different branches of a leading 3C retailer in Taiwan via stratified random sampling. Structural equation modelling (SEM) is employed to measure the model fit of the overall model with the structural model and the measurement model. This study then conducts the Sobel test on the coefficient path of latent variables (non-observable) by using maximum likelihood estimation (MLE), in order to verify whether the direct effects, mediating effects and total effects are statistically significant. The research findings suggest that perceived value has significant and direct effects on repurchase intention. Customer satisfaction also serves a certain degree of mediating effects. The research findings can provide a reference to the strategic planning of the management of the leading 3C retailer concerned so as to enhance the repurchase intention of customers.

Keywords perceived value; customer satisfaction; repurchase intention