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JITBM VOLUME 25

Title
IMPLEMENTING ACTIVITY BASED COSTING: THE CASE OF A CENTRAL BANK IN A SOUTH ASIAN COUNTRY
Author

Liyanage M L M D, Noopehewa P U, Perera S A D C U, Gunarathne Nuwan

Source

International Journal of Information Technology and Business Management  pp 001 - 011  Vol. 025. No. 1 -- 2014

Abstract
The purpose of this paper is to examine why and how a Central Bank of a South Asian Country (CBSAC), the monetary authority and the regulatory body of finance and banking sector, adopts and implements Activity Based Costing (ABC) practices. The primary data were collected by conducting semi structured interviews and observing organizational processes. Secondary data were collected through reviewing various documents such as guidelines to activity wise time recording sheets, annual reports and online sources including the CBSAC web site and CBSAC intranet. In the data collection process, higher emphasis was placed on data triangulation. Data analysis was carried out following an explanation building approach. The study identified that the appointment of the new Governor in 2006 was the major driver for moving towards ABC method at the CBSAC. Currently through time recording sheets, activity wise cost of each department is being tracked and assigned to the CBSAC functions. The CBSAC has taken several initiatives to improve the ABC system which has propelled it towards a more time driven ABC.
Keywords Activity Based Costing; Activity Based Budgeting; Banking Sector; Central Bank; Financial Institutions; South Asia.
 

 

Title HOW DELL, INC. ENHANCES ELECTRONIC SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT AND E-COMMERCE MARKETING FOR SUCCESS
Author

Sandy Kosasi, Alexander Harsono, Susanti M.Kuway

Source

International Journal of Information Technology and Business Management  pp 012 - 021  Vol. 025. No. 1 -- 2014

Abstract
Information technology is an important aspect of the electronic Supply Chain Management (e-SCM) and e-Commerce (EC). Advances in information technology, particularly in the Internet, enables companies to share information within and inter-organizations. The Internet and its three important types of networks: Intranet, Extranet, and Web allow organization to transfer digital data instantly and with high fidelity at nearly zero marginal cost. Information sharing is a vital aspect of coordination amongst parties in a supply chain. Information sharing can increase supply chain efficiency by reducing inventories and smoothing production. And e-commerce can enhance selling online and help better understand customers. IT-enabled Supply chain efficiency is highly important as today's competition is no longer between companies, but between supply chains. This paper discusses the trend in e-SCM or IT-enabled SCM and e-Commerce by examining how IT, the Internet in particular: intranet, extranet, and Web transform and streamline Dell's SCM and e-commerce for success.
Keywords information sharing, ICT, Web, SCM, e-commerce
 

 

Title DETERMINANTS OF THE INDONESIA GOVERNMENT YIELD CURVE
Author

Pardomuan Sihombing, Hermanto Siregar, Adler H. Manurung, Perdana W. Santosa

Source

International Journal of Information Technology and Business Management  pp 023 - 037  Vol. 025. No. 1 -- 2014

Abstract
The bond market plays an important role as an alternative source of financing in the current economic growth. Indonesian government funding through the domestic bond market continues to grow, indicated by the issuance of bonds which tends to increase over time. Research on the yield curve usually imposes the effect of macroeconomic fundamentals such as interest rates, inflation, economic growth, money supply and exchange rate. However, research on the determinants of the yield curve beyond macroeconomic factors, especially in developing countries such as Indonesia, is still limited. By using a vector error correction model, this study aims to analyze the determinants of the yield curve of government securities (SUN) in Indonesia by looking at how the yield curve responds to shocks on these factors. The results of study concluded that the development of yield curve on government bonds experienced a fluctuating movement influenced by liquidity factors, fundamental macroeconomics, external factors and market risk factors.
Keywords Yield curve, Macroeconomy, Liquidity, Market risk, Vector error correction model, Indonesia
 

 

Title
THE ATTITUDINAL AND BEHAVIORAL EFFECTS OF EMPLOYEE OWNERSHIP PLANS: EVIDENCE FROM A SAMPLE OF CAMEROONIAN FIRMS
Author

Marcel T. Ngambi (PhD) Frederic Oloume

Source

International Journal of Information Technology and Business Management  pp 038 - 044  Vol. 025. No. 1 -- 2014

Abstract
The objective of this study is to examine the impact of employee share ownership on employees' attitude and behavior. The study uses primary data collected through 4 interviews and 40 questionnaires administered to four Cameroonian firms. The results show that employee share ownership produces positive effects on certain attitudinal and behavioral variables such as satisfaction (intrinsic and extrinsic), motivation, and implication at work and generates a real feeling of psychological property for employees. However, its effects on instrumental satisfaction, absenteeism or on job turnover remain mitigated and vague.
Keywords Employee share ownership, attitudes, behavior, and performance.
 

 

Title
MATHEMATICAL MODEL OF THE MARKET
Author

Yu. K. Mashunin, I. A. Mashunin

Source

International Journal of Information Technology and Business Management  pp 045 - 061  Vol. 025. No. 1 -- 2014

Abstract
The paper presents a methodology of creating a mathematical model of the market as a vector (multiobjective) problem of mathematical programming or a vector optimization problem (VOP). The model is structured in such a manner that it takes into account, first, the balance of supply and demand, secondly, purposefulness of each market participant (a manufacturer and a consumer). The methods based on normalization of criteria and principles of guaranteed result are applied to solve the VOP. The methodology of modeling is shown through solving practical tasks of vector optimization - models of the one- product market with two manufacturers and consumers.
Keywords Marketing Model, Modeling, Market, Supply and demand, Management, Decisions making, Vector optimization,
 

 

Title
ANALYSIS ON COMPETITIVENESS OF TOBACCO CROP
CASE STUDY : PT. PERKEBUNAN NUSANTARA X AND GROWERS IN JEMBER AREA
Author

Dendi Anggi Gumilang, Arief Daryanto, Bustanul Arifin, Rudi Wibowo

Source

International Journal of Information Technology and Business Management  pp 062 - 070  Vol. 025. No. 1 -- 2014

Abstract
This paper will discuss the competitiveness and the impact of policy on tobacco crops as raw material for cigars. The study was focused on the tobacco produced by PTPN X as well as by growers (farmers). Policy Analysis Matrix (PAM) is used in analyzing the competitiveness, particularly in terms of competitive advantage (financial efficiency) and comparative advantages (economic efficiency). The results show that the tobacco harvested under PTPN X production system and produced by farmer has good comparative advantages. Domestic Resource Cost Ratio (DRCR) coefficients of both crops are less than 1, which are 0.2911 and 0.7844 for PTPN X and growers, respectively. The study also indicates that the crop has decent competitive advantage. The crop produced by PTPN X and farmers also having PCR coefficient below 1, which are 0.2872 and 0.8042, respectively. In addition, profitability coeficient (PC) for both producers are positive, which are 0.9511 and 0.9028. On the other hand, the effective protection coeficient (EPC) are 0.9460 and 0.9938. Those coefficients indicate that tobacco production under state owned enterprise (PTPN X) and farmers are having fairly good competitive and comparative advantages. However, the subsidy ratio to producer (SRP) give negative values, which are -0.0280 (PTPN X) and -0.0185 (growers). It indicates that government policies on tobacco production system cause distortion or negative impact to tobacco producers.
Keywords competitiveness, tobacco, cigars, PTPN X, growers
 

 

Title
CO-INTEGRATION AND CASUALTY BETWEEN
FDI AND GDP: A STUDY OF BRICS NATIONS
Author

Dr. Nishi Sharma, Mr. Nishant

Source

International Journal of Information Technology and Business Management  pp 071 - 078  Vol. 025. No. 1 -- 2014

Abstract
The present paper attempts to examine the association between inflow of foreign direct investment and gross domestic product of BRICS countries viz., Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. The study covered a period of 20 years from 1993 to 2012. The data (except FDI inflow in South Africa) found to have unit root at original level but become stationary at different orders. The results of co-integration rank test established significant association among FDI and GDP in Brazil and South Africa. The results indicated that there is no long term relation between FDI and GDP in Russia. The results for India and China indicated the acceptance of null hypothesis of presence of at most one co integrated equation. Granger casualty test confirmed the results of co-integration and found that in Russia neither GDP Granger cause FDI nor FDI Granger cause GDP. However for rest four nations unidirectional relationship was observed. In India and China GDP granger caused FDI whereas in Brazil and South Africa FDI Granger cause GDP.
Keywords Brazil, China, FDI, GDP, India, Russia, South Africa
 

 

Title
A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF CUSTOMER SATISFACTION RATINGS OF TELCO PRODUCTS AND SERVICES AMONG UDS STUDENTS IN GHANA
Author Dr. Gordon Terkpeh Sabutey, Moses Dumayiri and Dr. A. A. Saah
Source

International Journal of Information Technology and Business Management  pp 079 - 095  Vol. 025. No. 1 -- 2014

Abstract
This study seeks to assess overall customer satisfaction and loyalty as well as sustainability of products and service quality delivered by Mobile Telecommunication Network and Vodafone to students of University for Development Studies. The problem of this study was whether customers are satisfied with Telco service delivery in Ghana. Specifically, this study sets out to figure out various Telco products and services offered to customers, examine the sustainability of the company's products and services and to look at the marketing strategies and mechanisms put in place to satisfy and maintain customers. The main research designs used for the study were survey and case study. A Structured questionnaire was used to collect data from hundred (100) individual subscribers selected from the two Telecom groups via cluster and simple random sampling procedures. Descriptive statistics and one way Analysis of Variance were used for the data analysis. The findings indicated that irrespective of mobile telecom network on University for Development Studies Tamale Campus, customer satisfaction was low; neither equal to nor better than desire and expectation of customers. Overall Customer Satisfaction ratings among subscribers of Mobile Telecommunication Network in University for Development Studies significantly differ and that relatively, customers of Mobile Telecommunication Network rated their satisfaction with service quality higher than those of Vodafone. The management of Mobile Telecommunication Network and Vodafone would need to develop strategies to deal with the customer dissatisfaction. The research contributes to the body of knowledge in the area of Customer Satisfaction in the Ghana's Telco groups and provides important managerial implications.
Keywords Comparative Analysis, Customer Satisfaction Ratings, ANOVA, UDS Students
 

 

Title
A STUDY ON THE METHODOLOGY FOR AUTOMATIC DB UPDATE IN THE ROAD SIGN MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
Author In-taek Jung, Kyoung-ah Rhee, Hee-sung Yoon, Kyu-soo Chong, Young-ihn LEE
Source

International Journal of Information Technology and Business Management  pp 096 - 105  Vol. 025. No. 1 -- 2014

Abstract
Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport Affairs of Korean government has launched the Road Sign Management Center in May 2005, which has been carrying out the various works such as installation, management, maintenance, update and education etc. of road sign (or Road Sign Management System, which is on-line system). However, it requires a lot of man-power and huge budget (estimated annually $4.8 million) to survey the road signs in the field and enter the data into the DB in the on-line system. So that is very inefficient and often conflicts with reality. It needs to improve. MOLIT decided to develop the Road Sign Recognition and Analysis Vehicle Platform (RRAP). RRAP is designed to transform the road sign image captured from natural road environment while moving into the text through the pattern recognition. As a part of this project, this research is aim to develop data-screening process and automatic update (or replacing or newly producing) algorism for the present DB in the Road Sign management System using the data from RRAP. We expect that RRAP can decrease labor and budget need to maintenance the Road Sign Management System.
Keywords Road Sign Recognition and Analysis Vehicle Platform (RRAP), Road Sign Management System(RSMS), Automatic Update for the database, ID Matching, Unrecognized Road Sign Identification, Mobile Mapping System(MMS)
 

 

Title
CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY AND CORPORATE GOVERNANCE: A LOOK INTO POSSIBLE INTEGRATION IN THE PHILIPPINE SETTING
Author Delia L. Olivar
Source

International Journal of Information Technology and Business Management  pp 106 - 120  Vol. 025. No. 1 -- 2014

Abstract
This paper intends to determine the importance of both corporate governance and corporate social responsibility in the Philippines and a possible proposal for integration based on existing literature will be seen. Existing laws that relates to both subjects will also be taken into consideration as well as practices of other countries and known national and international organizations.
Keywords Corporate social responsibility (CSR), corporate governance, listed companies
 

 

Title
NORTHERN BORDER UNIVERSITY ACADEMIC STAFF JOB SATISFACTION
Author Seif eldin A. Mahdi, Sultan O. Almarshad, Badawi M. A. Elsiddig & Lubna M. A. Elbanna
Source

International Journal of Information Technology and Business Management  pp 121 - 134  Vol. 025. No. 1 -- 2014

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to explore Job Satisfaction (JS) of North Border University (NBU) academic staff members in the Northern Border Area of Kingdome of Saudi Arabia (KSA). The main objectives of the study were to know the relationship between general JS level of NBU academic staff members and selected demographic variables. The study measured  certain items as authority, supervision, policies and facilities, work itself, interpersonal relationships, commitment, salary, workload.  All the academic staff members of NBU represented the population of this study. A sample of 273  (67%) was collected through questionnaire.  A pilot survey  was implemented before with sample of 30 academic staff members and the overall reliability of the study was tested and found 93%.  The findings showed that, there  were generally job satisfaction with all dimensions of the study.  The least motivating item was “opportunity of promotion". ANOVA test was used to check possible differences of explanatory variables and showed no statistical significant differences  except for satisfaction per years of work at NBU and the satisfaction per salary.

Keywords Northern Border University (NBU), Job Satisfaction (JS), Academic staff ,  Study.